Jenis-Jenis Adjective & Contohnya dalam Bahasa Inggris

Kata sifat (adjective) adalah kata yang menyifati atau menerangkan kata benda. Berikut adalah beberapa jenis adjective dan contohnya dalam bahasa inggris :

A. Demonsirative (kata sifat penunjuk)

Definite: the, this, that, these, those, such, the same, the other

Contoh:

- You get the book.

- She likes this food.

- These apples are sweet.

- I buy that pen. 


- Those pens are expensive.

- Andri likes collecting stamps. He loves such thing.

- In the library, he met the girl. Then, in the bus station, he met the same girl.

- They found a thief. Then, they looked for the other thieves.

Catatan:

Bentuk plural dari this adalah these.

Bentuk plural dari that adalah those.

Practice

Change the following sentences from singular to plural.

1. This is my book.

Plural = These are my books.

2. That is my sister.

Plural =………………………

3. This message is for you.

Plural =………………………

4. This chair is very comfortable.

Plural =………………………

5. This magazine is out of date.

Plural =………………………

Indefinite: a, an, one, any, a certain, some, another

Contoh:

I borrow a novel.

She bring an umbrella.

My mother give me one pencil.

I didn't meet any people at the school.

Dian likes a certain flower very much, namely orchid.

He bought some oranges.

They tried to find another consumer.

Catatan: a ditempatkan sebelum kata benda yang awalnya berbunyi vokal. Adapun an ditempatkan sebelum kata benda yang awalnya berbunyi konsonan.

Practice

Rewrite the following sentences with a or an.

1. I ate (a/an) apple.

I ate an apple

2. My brother gave me (a/an) book.

……………………………………………………

3. My uncle bought (a/an) old car.

……………………………………………………

4. The house has (a/an) door.

……………………………………………………

5. They are waiting for (a/an) early train.

……………………………………………………

B. Distributive (kata 'sifat distributif)


1. Each (tiap, setiap)

Rizal has two cats. Each cat has three kittens.

2. Each (masing-masing)

The books are ten thousand rupiah each.

Yuli gave the two boys a bar of chocolate each.


3. Every (tiap, setiap, tiap-tiap)

Every student wears uniform to school.

Every employee at the office can operate computers.

4. Each other, one another(saling/satu sama lain)

Each other digunakan untuk menerangkan atau menyifati dua orang. Adapun untuk menerangkan atau menyifati lebih dari dua orang digunakan one another.

Contoh:

Both mother and son love each other.

The people worked in the farm. They helped one another.

5. Every other (setiap dua ... kali)

They play football every other week.

My sister and I go shopping every other week.

Catatan:

Each dan every keduanya bisa bermakna “setiap” atau masing- masing. Akan tetapi, dalam penggunaan every, penekanan pada individu terasa kurang.

C. Quantitative (kata sifat kuantitatif)

1. Much/many: banyak

2. Little/few: sedikit

3. A little/a few: beberapa

4. Some: beberapa

5. Any: beberapa

6. Whole: seluruh, semua

7. A lot of: banyak

8. No: tidak ada
 

Countable noun

Uncountable noun

many books

few books

a few books

some books

a lot of books

much sugar

little sugar

a little sugar

some sugar

a lot of sugar


D. Interrogative (kata sifat tanya)

1. Whose (... punya siapa)

2. What (apa)

3. Which (yang mana)

Contoh:

Whose car broke down?

What bird is it?

Which dress will you wear?

E. Possessive (kata sifat kepemilikan)

Perhatikan contoh berikut.

My house Our house

Your house Your house

Her house

His house Their house

Its house

F. Of Quality

clever : pandai

dry : kering

fat : gemuk

good : baik

heavy : berat

far : jauh

tall : tinggi

high : tinggi

large : luas

dark : gelap

bad : buruk

useful : berguna

dangerous : berbahaya

(dan sebagainya)

Dalam membentuk sebuah kata majemuk yang menggunakan beberapa kata sifat, susunan atau letak kata sifat memiliki aturan tertentu. Salah satunya adalah sebagai berikut.

1. Size

2. General description

3. Age

4. Shape

5. Colour

6. Material

7. Origin

8. Purpose (e.g. walking stick, riding boot)

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Percakapan Meminta, Memberi, dan Menolak Pendapat dalam Bahasa Inggris

Dalam percakapan sehari-hari, seringkali kita harus mengungkapkan pendapat, menolak pendapat, atau meminta pendapat teman kita. Begitupula dalam budaya barat atau dalam Bahasa inggris, bagi mereka adalah penting untuk mengetahui pendapat orang lain karena mereka sangat menghargai demokrasi. Namun, tentunya dalam berpendapat ada yang bisa diterima oleh semua orang, ada yang tidak, yang terpenting adalah bagaimana kita bisa menghargai setiap perbedaan.

Situasi dalam sebuah rapat OSIS.

Aris: So, guys. What is your opinion about the plan of our headmaster concerning the increase of monthly education contribution?

Lia: In my opinion, we can't let this happen. Don't they know that means our parents must spend alot of money? This 20% increase is unbelieveable.

Dana: But, we must remember Lia. This is for our school development. The increase will be allocated for the computer laboratory and maintain of our classroom. If I may tell, the increase makes sense.

Aris: Let's summarize. The increase shall be granted but not more than 10% only, we may also help to supervise its use in one year.

Lia: I am still thinking that the reason of the increase is not very necessary. We can use the development money from the new student every year.

Dana: I think Aris's solution is the best. We can tell the headmaster that the increase should not more than 10% only and we will also control of its using.

Lia: Okay then.

Agar lebih mudah, Berikut beberapa referensi yang bisa kamu gunakan dalam Bahasa inggris saat meminta, memberi, dan menolak pendapat :

Meminta Pendapat :

What is your opinion?

What do you think of....?

What is your point of view?

Memberi Pendapat :

In my opinion...

I think...

I am still thinking that...

In my point of view…..

Menolak Pendapat :

I don't think that way

I think you're wrong

Sekarang praktikkan percakapan Bahasa inggris berikut dengan temanmu atau kamu sendiri bisa di depan cermin dan jangan lupa dengan ekspresi dan intonasi bicara agar percakapan yang kamu praktekkan lebih hidup suasananya.

1. Lana: I think the salary of our president shall increase. The duties are too much and tough.

Lira: I don't think that way. The allowance of the president is more than enough. In addition, the citizens are still in the difficult situation. It's not worth it.

Lana: Well, we have different opinions then. Overall, let's hope a better future for our nation.

Lira: You're right. Our opinions are not the same but our hope is the same. Better future for our nation.

2. Nancy: Every person should have freedom for their rights. What's your point of view about this, Gadis?

Gadis: Yes, I have the same opinion with you, Nancy. Every person has the same right in every aspect of life, law, education, religion, and many more.

Nancy: That's why I just can't stop thinking that some people or organization couldn't help to interfere with other people's right.

Gadis: In my point of view, they just hate differences. They don't like if somebody has different thoughts and vision.

Perbanyaklah berlatih percakapan agar kemampuan Bahasa inggris kamu semakin meningkat, kalaupun kamu tidak punya teman untuk berlatih, berlatihlah di depan cermin sendiri. Lakukan dengan perlahan dan konsisten. Selain itu, perbanyak mendengarkan percakapan Bahasa inggris, baik dari film, atau pun dari mana saja.

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Meminta Pengulangan, Menunjukkan Perhatian, dan Menyatakan Kekaguman dalam Bahasa Inggris

Ketika sedang bercakap-cakap dengan seseorang, terkadang kita tidak bisa mendengar dengan jelas apa yang dikatakannya atau apa yang dia maksudkan. Lalu apa yang harus kita ucapkan? Dan bagaimana pula kita menunjukkan perhatian dan menyatakan kekaguman terhadap orang lain dalam Bahasa inggris? Yuk, simak penjelasan berikut!

Meminta Pengulangan

Maggie: i can't hear any words from Mr. Brown. It's too noisy!

Diane: Why don't you tell Mr. Brown?

Maggie: I will. Emm, excuse me, Mr. Brown. Ya... Mr. Brown?

Mr. Brown: Ah, yes. What's up Maggie?

Maggie: Can you repeat the explanation about verb and noun just now? I can't hear you clearly here.

Mr. Brown: Sure. Don't worry. So the verb is ....

Suasana di pasar.

Mother: Mr, how much for the salmon ?

Fishmonger: I'm sorry, which fish Ma'am?

Mother: Salmon.

Fishmonger: . Oh, salmon? It's Rp75,000.00 per kilogram.

Situasi di dalam stasiun bis.

Stranger: Excuse me, Miss. How much is the bus fare to Surabaya?

Rohana: Excuse me? I'm sorry, I didn't catch what you've just said. Can you speak a little louder?

Stranger: Oh, yes. How much is the bus fare to Surabaya?

Rohana: Oh, to Surabaya? Err... about Rp300,000,00 I think you should better check it at the ticketing.

Stranger: I see, and where's that?

Rohana: Over there, behind the east wall.

Stranger: Oh, okay. Thank you very much, Miss.

Rohana: Sure. No problem.


Menunjukkan Perhatian dan Menyatakan Kekaguman

Mother: Look at you dear... you look so pale and your body temperature is hot.

Intan: Yes, Mom. i feel cold outside too.

Mother: Come on, you should take a rest and drink some medicine.

Intan: Yes, mom.

Situasi di halaman sekolah.

Lala: Ouchh, my skirt uniform looks so dirty and untidy.

Vera: Here. Let me clean it for you because it is on your back side.

Lala: Oh, thank you Vera. Is that okay?

Vera: Yes, that's okay. Don't worry.

Situasi di sebuah prom night (malam perpisahan sekolah).

Rihanna: Friends, how do I look?

Gina: Wow, you look outstanding, Rihanna.

Fanny: Yeah, you look so beautiful. The blue dress is so fascinating.

Rihanna: Yeah, sure. Since I spent 4 hours to prepare and being stuck at the beauty salon.

Gina: Hey, it's worth it. Don't worry.

Fanny: Indeed.

Rihanna: Thank you, girls. You're all the best.

Situasi di sebuah toko kado (giftshop).


Gege : I don't have any idea for giving a gift for Kiko's birthday this evening.

Kristin : Look! This book is awesome. Kiko would surely like it.

Gege : Oh, what kind of book is it?

Kristin : It's about an adventure. Climbing Mt. Everest.

Gege : Let me see. Hmm, yes. I think this is the perfect gift for Kiko.

Kristin : See this? The cover is so lovely. The contrast between the font and the background is amazing.

Gege : Let's go to the cashier, then.

Kristin : Ge, don't forget to buy the gift wrap.

Gege : Ooh, yes. I almost forgot.

Berikut Kalimat referensi dalam Bahasa inggris yang bsia kamu gunakan dalam situasi ini :

Meminta Pengulangan :

Excuse me

Pardon me? (rising intonation)

What did you say (your name was)?

Did you say….?

Can you repeat that?

Could you say that again please?

What was that again?

Sorry, I didn’t catch that

Could you speak a little louder?

Memuji dan menyatakan kekaguman

I really like…..for

I really look up for…..

I like….because….

That’s nice

Look! It is so nice

You look beautiful

You look awesome, great!

Pretty!

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Meminta & Memberi Kepastian atau Mengungkapkan Keraguan dalam Bahasa Inggris

Terkadang dalam percakapan dengan siapapun kita dituntut untuk memberi kepastian, meminta kepastian, mengungkapkan dan menanggapi keraguan. Lalu bagaimana cara mengungkapkannya dalam Bahasa inggris? Coba simak penjelasan berikut!

Situasi di dalam kelas.

Farah : Do you know about the new mall in our town?

Tika : New mall? Yeah, I know. Why is that?

Farah : I heard that the mall has the cheapest prices, especially for bags and shoes.

Tika : Are you sure about that?

Farah : Well, I am not sure. That's why i want to ask you to go to the mall.

Tika : When?

Farah : On Sunday.

Situasi di dalam rumah.

Tanti : Sister, let's go to the new mall downtown.

Sister : Hmm, I don't know the way to downtown. Do you know it?

Tanti : Actually, I doubt it. Let me call my friend and ask it.

Sister : Sure. Ask it.

Situasi di halaman rumah.

John : Karina, who's that man?

You : Which one?

John : The one with sunglasses and wearing a hat?

You : Oh, that's Mr. Prescot.

John : Is he an actor?

You: No, he isn't. He's a model.

John : And who's the small boy?

You : The one with green shirt and brown pants?

John : Yeah.

You : Oh, that's Jack.

John : How old is he?

You : I have no idea, I think he's eleven.

John : Has he got a sister?

You : Yes, he has.

John : What's her name?

You : Martina

Berikut beberapa kata atau kalimat pembuka dalam situasi ini agar anda lebih mudah belajar Bahasa inggris tentang situasi ini.

Memberi Kepastian :

Yes, I am certain

Yes, I am sure

Yes, I am 100% certain that ……

Meminta Kepastian :

Are you sure (about)……?

Are you certain?

Mengungkapkan Keraguan :

I am not sure that…..

I doubt that….

I am not certain that ….


Sekarang praktikkan percakapan berikut dengan temanmu atau praktekkan sendiri di depan cermin jika kamu tidak ada teman untuk diajak berlatih bahasa inggris.

Lika : What time do you think the bank will be opened?

Raka : I am not to sure. Maybe around eight or eight thirty.

Lika : Well, I need to go to the bank.

Raka : What for?

Lika : Deposit some money.

Raka : Did the bank give you an interesting gift for depositing your money?

Lika : I don't know yet. But they have some kind of reward periods.

Raka : Oh, like the one that Il often see in the television ads.

Lika : Yup, like that one. I hope some time I'II get a car or a motorcycle.

Raka : That'II be great. I pray for you.

Lika : Thanks Raka!




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Bagaimana Mengawali, Memperpanjang, dan Menutup Percakapan dalam Bahasa Inggris?

Percakapan bahasa inggris
Bagaimana mengawali sebuah percakapan dengan orang asing atau orang yang belum dikenal dalam bahasa Inggris? Kemudian setelah mengawali, lalu apa? Jangan sampe “mati gaya” alias stuck, sama-sama diam. Kamu pernah mengalami situasi seperti ini? Atau jika pembicaraan sedang seru-serunya, namun kita harus mengakhirinya karena ada keperluan lain, lalu bagaimana? Bagaimana” mengakhiri sebuah percakapan yang sedang berjalan seru? Let’s find out!

Situasi di dalam kereta jarak jauh.

Andy : think the air conditioner is too cold, isn't it?

Susan : Yes, you're right. I feel a bit cold too.

Andy : Hmm, by the way, my name's Andy. What's your name?

Susan : Oh, hi Andy. I'm Susan. Where are you from?

Andy : I'm from Jakarta, Indonesia. And you?

Susan : I'm from Madagascar. It's in Africa

Andy : Oh, you're African then!

Susan: Actually, no. I'm British, I was born in Liverpool. Now, I live in Africa.

Andy : Oh, I see. So, what are you doing in Indonesia?

Susan: I'm going to see my aunt. She just opened an art gallery in Yogyakarta. She's British too.

Andy : Oh, sounds great.

Susan: Yupe. My aunt is just so crazy about art.

Andy : She is in the right place, then.

Ten minutes later.

Susan: So, are you going to Yogyakarta too, Andy?

Andy : Yes, Lam. am going to spend my holiday in my grandpa's village in Bantul. If you have free time in Yogya, you can visit my village. I can show you around. There are many beautiful beaches in Bantul also some natural sight seeing.

Susan : Oh, that'II be nice. Yeah, I will. May I have your phone number?

Andy : Sure. It's 45678.

Susan : OK, saved. Thank you

Andy : Anytime, Susan.

Susan : Hey, it's late. It's almost 12 am. Let's have some sleep.

Andy : You're right. The journey is still five hours to go.

Jika kita baca petikan percakapan bahasa inggris di atas, bisa dilihat bahwa percakapan pertama kali dibuka dengan komentar tentang AC kereta api yang terlalu dingin. Nah, jika kamu ingin memulai percakapan kamu bisa memulai dengan mengomentari keadaan di sekelilingmu dan lawan bicaramu atau bisa juga keadaan cuaca saat itu, apakah terlalu panas, dingin atau hujan. Kemudian, ketika ingin memperpanjang percakapan, bisa kita pakai kata bantu seperti Where are you from? Are you African? What are you doing in Yogyakarta? Yaitu pertanyaan seputar informasi Umum tentang lawan bicara kita. Yang patut diingat, jangan menanyakan umur dan status karena hal ini sangat tidak nyaman dan tidak sopan untuk ditanyakan pada orang yang baru kita kenal. Perhatikan juga, kalimat yang menunjukkan ingin mengakhiri percakapan.

Berikut beberapa referensi kata atau kalimat pembuka dalam situasi yang dimaksud dalam artikel ini yang bisa kamu gunakan.

Mengawali percakapan

Hello, my name is…..

What a hot weather!

I think….

I feel that….

Do you think…..?

Memperpanjang percakapan

You know what...

Where are you from anyway?

Do you like….?

Hey, why don't you come to.....

Menutup Percakapan

I think it’s…..

I'm sorry but I must/shall/will.

It's nice to talk with you, but I....




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