Seringkali dalam aktifitas sehari-hari kita terlibat percakapan yang bisa saja berupa kondisi untuk menggunakan kalimat memerintah dan melarang. Ayo, simak contoh percakapannya!

Memerintah

Situasi di ruangan kelas.

Teacher: Ardi, please open page 26. Read it aloud!

Ardi : Yes, Sir.

Situasi di rumah.

Mother : Lina, turn off the air conditioner. It is too cold.

Lina — : Yes, certainly Mom.

Situasi di kantor.

Boss : Lena, bring me the paper that I must sign soon.

Secretary : Yes, Sir. Right away.

Melarang

Situasi di sebuah taman.

Rena : Don’t step on the grass, Boy. Look at the sign!

Boy : Oh, you’re right. I didn’t see the sign.

Situasi di dalam perpustakaan.

Tiara : Ssshh, we should not talk aloud in the library!

Didi : Oops, sorry.

Situasi sedang dalam perjalanan ke sekolah.

Mei : I can’t find any dust bin around here. I will throw the plastic here.

Carla : No. Don’t do that. Keep the plastic in your bag. We must keep our environment clean!

Tips :

Memerintah

– Please, open the window!

– Turn on the lamp, please!

– Bring me the magazine!

Note: Gunakan kata “please” pada akhir kalimat untuk menunjukkan kesantunan atau kepada orang yang kita hormati, bisa juga tidak menggunakan kata “please” untuk orang-orang yang sudah sangat akrab dengan kita.

Melarang

– Don’t do tha it’s ………

– No, You can’t do that, it’s …….

Sekarang, praktikkan percakapan berikut dengan temanmu.

A: Take the blue scissors, please.

B: Here you are.

A: Dony, put the bag here.

B: OK.

A: Don’t put the bag here.

B: OK.

Meminta, Memberi Informasi, dan Berterima Kasih

Ketika kita ingin menanyakan sesuatu atau berterima kasih dalam bahasa Inggris, kita bisa menggunakan beberapa contoh ungkapan berikut ini.

Situasi di sebuah taman.

Tourist : Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the police station?

You : Yes, certainly. The police station is on the right side of Jalan Kenanga.

Tourist : Oh, yes. Thank you very much for your information.

You : Sure. No problem.

Situasi di kelas.

Teacher : Sally, could you tell us the capital of the United States?

Sally : Yes, certainly Ma’am. The capital city is Washington DC.

Teacher: That’s right. Thank you Sally.

Situasi di rumah.

Brother : What is the meaning of “united”, Sis?

Sister : United means “persatuan” in Bahasa Indonesia, Bro.

Brother : Ahh, that’s right. I remember now. Thank you my lovely Sister.

Meminta informasi :

More polite :

– Would you tell me …….

– Could you tell me …….

Casual :

– Please, explain to me about …..

– What is the meaning of …..

Memberi informasi :

– Yes, certainly, it’s ….

– Sure, it is ……

Sekarang praktikkan percakapan berikut dengan temanmu!

A : Hello, Lam new here. Could you tell me the way to the gym?

B : Ah, yes sure. The gym is ten minutes away. You can take the ojek to the gym.

A: I see. Thank you very much

B : Don’t mention it.

Mr Adam: Hi, ‘m new in the neighborhood. Could you tell me the way to the market?

Celine: Hi. Certainly, Sir. From here you just walk straight for about two blocks, then turn right. Go down for about five minutes and the market is exactly in front of you. You will notice it soon.

Mr. Adam: Oh, I see. Thank you very much. What’s your name by the way?

Celine: My name is Celine, Sir.

Mr. Adam: Allright, thank you again Celine. My name is Mr. Adam.